Foreign policy is one of the key tools to maintain the affairs of international relations. Foreign
policy of a state is mainly shaped by domestic environment and international system. This
study highlights the impacts of international structure on the foreign policy behaviour of
Pakistan since 1947. During cold war period, the bi-polar world order mainly shaped the
foreign policy of Pakistan. After independence, the economic, political and security challenges
pushed Pakistan towards western bloc to protect its interests. Being an ally of west, Pakistan
supported USA to contain the spread of communism. With the collapse of Soviet Union, the
world order was shifted from bi-polarity to uni-polarity. Consequently, American supremacy
shaped the world politics as a sole super power. With the start of 21st century, the incident
of 9/11 and in response American invasion of Afghanistan again made Pakistani an ally of
USA on their Global War on terror. Pakistan has faced serious consequences as an ally of USA.
However, with the emergence of multi-polar world order, now Pakistan has opportunity to
balance its relations with global powers like China, Russia and USA on the basis of mutual
benefits, equality and equity.
1-Fozia Assistant Professor, Rawalpindi Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abida Yousaf Chairperson, Department of Economics and Finance, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Imran Ashraf Assistant Professor, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Uni-Polarity, Bipolarity, MultiPolarity, International Structure, Foreign Policy