The rising influence of Iran in the wake of Arab Spring threatens both Saudi Arabia and Israel.
The US shares the challenge being posed by the Iranian rise. This Iranian rise has brought the
three closer. The burgeoning closing of Saudi Arabia and Israel is largely shaped by this rise.
However, it remains to be investigated that what is pushing Iran to expand its regional
influence. The existing literature suggests it is the policy of the US in the region which gave
Iran a space to expand its muscles in Middle East. However, the literature misses to study the
role of changing international structure which is providing Iran an opportunity to rise where
Russian and Chinese involvement have limited the hegemonic credentials of American power
to support and propagate Israel and Saudi Arabia in the region. The same structure is pushing
KSA and Israel closer to each other. Moreover, the paper attempts to study the possible
implications Iran can face as a result of this opening up relationship.
1-Zafar Khan MPhil, Department of International Relations, National Defence University (NDU) Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Zafar Khan Head, Department of Politics and IR, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Imran Ashraf Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, National Defence University (NDU) Islamabad, Pakistan.