With BJP arrival to power, secular face of India has received severe criticism in international community.
Latest report of the American. Nationalistic patriotism with some other factors like relative development differences,
discrimination at social and economic level, continuous discrimination by the ruling elite, lack of political representation
and voicing out grievances have become the root cause of ethnic violence in India which can push to the generation of
parochialism. Cultural genocide and deliberate unequal economic development have caused major loss of Muslim lives and
property and generate issues including demographic reshaping and political disenfranchisement which has further severe
implications for Muslims. This paper will try to highlight the ethnic violence on Muslims in India, analyze the reasons
behind the ethnic conflict and its manifestation through primordial and instrumental theoretical framework and finally
provide road maps to solution.
1-Fazal Rehman Kakar Faculty of Contemporary Studies, Department International Relations, National Defence University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Kashmir, Insurgency, State Sponsored Terrorism, Negotiation, Minority